What are Nakshatras?
The Nakshtras, also called lunar mansions or constellations. In Jyotish or Indian astrology there are 27-nakshatras prescribed by Parasara (ancient sage who founded Vedic astrology).
The first nakshatra, Ashwini, starts at Aries 0’00’’ degrees and ends at Aries 13’30’’.
The next nakshatra, Bharani, starts at Aries 13’20’’ and ends at Aries 26’40’’.
Then Krittika starts at Aries 26’40’’ and ends at Taurus 10’00’’.
Then Rohini from Taurus 10’00’’ to 23’20’’ and so on, until Revati, which extends from Pisces 16’40’’ to Aries 0’00’’
Two nakshatras take up 26’40’’, which is 3’20’’ short of one full sign ( a full sign is 30’00’). Therefore, 3’20’’ is 1/4 of a nakshatra, and is called a nakshatra-pada, or simply a pada(means step). As such, Aries contains Ashwini, Bharani, and the 1st pada of Bharani. Taurus contains padas 2 - 4 of Krittika, Rohini, and the first 2 padas of Mrgasira. Each nakshatra therefore contains 9 padas (note that 3’20’’ x 9 = 30 degrees, or one full sign).
The notation Ashwini-1 means the 1st pada of Ashwini, Ashwini - 2 the 2nd pada, and so on. Aries then contains Ashwini, Bharani, and Krittika - 1, and Taurus contains Krittika - 2, 3, 4, Rohini, and Mgrasira-1, 2.
Four signs contain 9 x 4 = 36 padas, or 9 full nakshatras. This happens 3 times, as indicated by the breaks in the nakshatra table below. Aries - Cancer contain Ashwini - Ashlesha, Leo - Scorpio contain Magha - Jyeshta, and Sagittarius - Pisces contain Mula - Revati.
Just like the signs, each nakshatra has a ruler or owner. Unlike the signs, Rahu and Ketu are assigned rulerships. Ashwini is ruled by Ketu, Bharani by Venus, Krittika by Sun, then Mars, Rahu, Jupiter, Saturn, and Mercury. The cycle then repeats in the same order two more times. Note the order of nakshatra rulership is the same as the mahadasa order in the vimshottari dasha scheme, as it must be, since this is how the vimshottari dasha order is defined.
A table summarizing the nakshatras is given below.
|Poorva Bhadrapada||Jupiter||Aqu 20-00|
|Uttara Bhadrapada||Saturn||Pis 3-20|
The nakshatras act as a filter through which the grahas act. Take Sun at Aries 10-00; this corresponds to Ashwini, which is ruled by Ketu. Sun therefore has an influence from Ketu, and we need to look at the disposition of Ketu to fully understand the influence of Sun.
We continually emphasize the word graha here and in other articles in this web site. It is explained there that the word graha means to grasp, or lay hold of. The entity that the grahas are grasping onto are the nakshatras.
When one graha is in a nakshatra ruled by another graha, it acts to integrate the influences of the two grahas. This integration is often important for providing balance. For example, Jupiter is an expansive graha, and this is taken to be "good". On the other hand, too much expansion can result in obesity, or excessive accumulation. Saturn, on the other hand, indicates constriction, and is often considered "bad". When Jupiter and Saturn balance each other it can provide for a very strong foundation which can result in "healthy growth", or growth (expansion) with balance.
Following table will show certain characteristics of 27 Naksharta in Vedic Astrology
|Nakshatra||People and Professions|
|1.||Aswinni||horse-dealers, commandants, physicians, attendants, horse-riders, merchants, handsome persons, traders, horse-grooms, army general, hunter, astrologers, poets, ministers|
|2.||Bharani||those that feed on blood + flesh, cruel men, those engaged in killing, imprisoning and beating others, low-born persons, those who are devoid of courage, character or nobility, burial related jobs, menial jobs, dancers, actors, musicians, singers, those who play on musical instruments, the wicked, hunters.|
|3.||Krittika||Brahmans who maintain and worship the sacred fire daily, those who know of the sacred hymns and sacrificial rules, grammarians, miners, barbers, Brahmans, potters, priests and astrologers, commentators, gold miners, those who work on fire i.e. goldsmiths, blacksmiths etc., army commanders.|
|4.||Rohini||Observers of vows, merchandises, kings, wealthy persons, Yogins, cart-men, husbandmen, liquor drinkers, men in authority, politicians, entertainers, ascetic.|
|5.||Mrigashira||drinkers, men in authority, politicians, entertainers, ascetic, foresters (or forest-dwellers), those who partake of Soma juice (in sacrifices), musicians, lovers, carriers of letters, lustful persons, hunters, loafer, singers, sacrificers, officiating priests at sacrifices, noble persons.|
|6.||Ardra||Murderers (executioners), animal-catchers, liars, adulterers, thieves, rogues, creators of discord, cruel persons, charmers, sorcerers, those well versed in raising goblins, black magic, butchers, fowlers, prostitutes, oil mongers, washermen, dyers|
|7.||Punurvasu||The truthful, generous, pure (clean), rich, high-born, handsome, intelligent, grain merchants, famous, merchants, servants, artisans, bankers, cave-dwellers.|
|8.||Pushyami||sacrifice conductor, ministers, kings, fishermen and the like, virtuous men and those that are engaged in big and small sacrifices, those involved in physical exercise, persons engaged in ringing bells, those who make loud announcements (or those who live in hamlets), gamblers.|
|9.||Aslesha||nurses, robbers, and all classes of physicians, artisans, sorcery.|
|10.||Magha||People rich in gold and corn, mountaineers, those devoted to parents or the Manes, valiant people, traders, heroes, carnivorous beings, women-haters, civil engineers, traders, godowns, commanders of elephant-divisions or chief ministers.|
|11.||PurvaPhalguni||Actors, young women, amiable persons, musicians, artists, boys, dancers, fashion, painting, dealers in juices or articles having the six kinds of tastes, courtesans, virgins.|
|12.||UttaraPhalguni||kind-hearted persons, the pure in conduct, modest, heretics, charitable persons, the learned, very rich men, those who are devoted to their duties, and kings, lawyer, judge, financiers, government/social service, those with Vedic Knowledge, treasurers, hermits (or mendicants), water.|
|13.||Hasta||thieves, advocates, those who travel in chariots, elephant-drivers, artisans, men learned in the Vedas, traders, men of prowess, speculator, gambling, barbers, potters, oil-manufacturers etc., physicians, tailors (needle-workers), elephant-catchers (or elephants and crocodiles), harlots, garland-makers (florists), painters.|
|14.||Chitra||persons skilled in making ornaments, dyeing (or painting), writing, singing, perfumery, mathematicians, weavers, jewel examiners, ophthalmic surgeons, architects, interior decorators, labourers engaged in the sinking of wells .|
|15.||Svati||traders, ascetic, unsteady friends, feeble characters, ascetics and connoisseurs of wares, airplanes, rhapsodists (bards), spies, couriers, charioteers or story-tellers, sailors, actors, musicians, messengers, traders.|
|16.||Vishaka||men devoted to Indra and Gani, those learned and skilled in handling fire, engineers, merchants.|
|17.||Anuradha||men of prowess, heads of corporations, friends of the virtuous, lovers of assemblies, tourists (or lovers of carriages), all honest persons in the world, athletes, vehicle repair and sales, ministers, those that work with wheels such as potters, oil-makers etc., those that beat gongs or bell-makers, friends, Kshatriyas.|
|18.||Jyesta||great battle heroes, those who are noted for pedigree, wealth and fame, thieves, kings intent on conquests and commandants, kings, their preceptors, those that receive royal patronage or honour, leaders of Kshatriyas.|
|19.||Moola||physicians, leaders of groups, those who deal in flowers, roots and fruits, very wealthy persons, those who live only on fruits and roots, warriors, those who deal in medicinal roots (druggists).|
|20.||Purva Ashada||tender-hearted people, navigators, wealthy persons, fishermen, the truthful, pure, constructors of bridges/dams/canals, those who live by water, meat seller.|
|21.||Uttara Ashada||Elephant drivers, wrestlers, devotees of Gods, warriors, persons enjoying pleasures, men of valor, astrologers.|
|22.||Sravana||jugglers, the ever-active, the efficient, the energetic, the righteous, devotees of Lord Visnu, the truthful, king's officers, eminent Brahmins, physicians, priests.|
|23.||Dhanishta||Men w/o pride, eunuch, fast friends, men hated by women, women, charitable persons, very wealthy, peaceful, conqueror of senses, treasurers, bankers and the like, heretics.|
|24.||Shatabishak||Snarers, anglers, bird killers, dealers in fish etc., boar-hunters, hunters, washer-men, distillers and fowlers, physicians, poets, drunkards, traders, politicians.|
|25.||Purva Bhadra||thieves, cowherds, murderous persons, niggards, those engaged in despicable and roguish activities, those devoid of virtuous or religious observances, those clever in single combat, physicians, poets, drunkards, traders, politicians, gamblers.|
|26.||Uttara Bhadra||Brahmans, those that are engaged in sacrifices, charity and penance, ascetic, very wealthy persons, recluses, heretics, monarchs, rivers, those who dwell on river-banks, carriage-makers, carpenters etc.|
|27.||Revati||traders, sailor, helmsmen, king's protégés, travellers and marching troops.|
Note: Those in italic are derived from Brihat Samhita through a study of transit effects, the other indications are directly stated from other works.
Engineer Rameshwar Prasad
(B.Tech., M.Tech., P.G.D.C.A., P.G.D.M.)