Shanti worship is originally a worship of lord and
deity of directions, five elements of nature as well
as natural forces and other related stuffs. Vastu shanti or Griha shanti,
involves the havan. A havan is performed to prevent
harmful influences of the planets, remove negative
vibrations and create a peaceful environment. Once all
the poojas are concluded, a feast is offered to the
priest. He is also given some dakshina or fees for his
services and good wishes. These two poojas are essential.
Other poojas like the Ganpathi
pooja, the Satyanarayan
pooja or the Lakshmi pooja are optional, and can be
performed if priest recommends them.
Vastu Shanti is a religious and spiritual
process of worship of Vaastu Purush. Purush means Energy, Soul,
and Shakti; thus Vaastu Purush is the protector, soul and Lord of
the house. The primary objectives of Vaastu Shanti are:
1. To remove any land, structure, and interior
arrangement faults or the Vastu Doshas.
2. To ask for forgiveness for any direct or indirect harm to the
Nature and other living beings while construction of the house
3. To pacify any forces that may disturb the overall happiness of
4. To request Vastu Purush to protect the home and the occupants
from natural calamities
5. To solicit His blessings to bring health, wealth and prosperity
to the occupants and
6. To resolve proper use of the house and to convert it into Home
below is a short and abridged version of Vastushanti rite which
can be performed by anyone without much difficulty. The said
procedure is compiled from the works of Bharatratna MM Dr P V Kane
et al. The elaborate rite which is performed today is elucidated
in the Baudhaayana Gruhyashesha-sutra (1-18) However, the
rite which appears in the Ashvaalayana Gruhyassutra is
brief and should suffice the members of the modern society.
is important to understand the meaning of the Sanskrit word shanti
especially since in most modern Indian languagesthe word is used in a manner which is similar in meaning
with the English word peace, tranquility or repose. The original
Sanskrit word comes from a Sanskrit verb root or dhaatu sham
which belongs to the 4th & 9th class. The verb sham
means to stop, to kill, or occasionally to placate. This
should suffice for the current discussion though detailed
discussion on the use of the word sham
with yoh in Rigveda is available.
OF SHANTI RITE :
rite isbeen best
defined in the 17th Century treatise shaantimayukha It
defines the rite as follows:
short the above definition means that shanti rite is that rite
which is accepted by the dharma Shastra (shaastrasamata)
which removes the evil effect of the sinfulness which is not clear
, its effects are restricted to the earthly world only and
performance of the rite does not amount to sin. The definition is
important since it clarifies three points
It speaks of the sinwhich
is not known. Here the distinction is made between unclear or
unknown sin and the sin which is committed inadvertently. For the
latter prayashcitta or
the punishment given by the Crown is only method of purification.
The above definition therefore clarifies that 'shanti' is not an
alternative to prayashcitta
or punishment ordered by the crown for a known sin.
By limiting the effects of the shanti to earthly world the
definition distinguishes shanti rite from yajna
and states that it is not an alternative to yajna
Lastly it distinguishes the rite from the black magic or magic
spells by saying that the performance of the shanti rite dos not
amount to further sin.
to scriptures (ref :Nirnaya-sindhu) Vastushanti can be
performed on any day of the brighter fortnight (shukla/shuddha
paxa) of any lunar month and is usually performed on an auspicious
Nakshatra like pushya,
chitra, hasta etc. (most Indian almanacs indicate these
auspicious nakshatras ).
fasts the night before the performance of shanti.He then places an article of gold in a vessel containing
water along with little rice and barley (java) and leaves it
standing through the night.
morning after, he takesceremonial
head bath (snana) at sunrisebefore beginning the rite. After the bathperformer first does achamana
then recites Gayatri mantra
ten times to prepare himself for performance of the rite.
then picks up a copper vessel (kalash)
full of water, touches it to his forehead and recites the
following sankalpa (resolution).
this, he takes the water from the vessel containing the piece of
gold, rice and barley and goes around his house three times with a
unbroken stream of water in such a fashion that the house always
stays on his right side . While doing this he recites the
following hymns of the Rigveda which are called shantitiiya
na indraanii bhavataamavobhiH shaM na indravaruNaa raatahavyaa .
indraasomaa suvitaa ya shaM yoH na indraapuuSaNaavaajasaato ..1..
सुविता य शं
no bhagaH shamu naH shaMso astu shaM naH puraMdhiH shamu santu
naH satyasya suyamasya ShaMsaH SaM no aryamaa purujaato astu ..2..
ahuties can be three, eight , Eleven or 111.He then places remaining food in a plate and brings
together the water used for cleansing the house (water in the kalash
with rice and java) and sprinkles the mixture with a bunch of darbha
(grass) by going into the house for three times while reciting the
kavirmadhu pra jaatamandhasaH . madeSu sarvadhaa asi ..
is then offered to the invitees who after the lunch sayshivam vaastu
times) or write it three times on a piece of paper and leave.
restricts the number of invitees to religious rites to three.
Anything more destroys sanctity of the rite by converting it to
ceremony. Similarly since the invitees are to be highly educated
and cultured it may not be possible to find more of them
consenting to attend. Lastly if more scholars are invited it is
not possible to give them appropriate respect.
Sankalpa at the beginning of the rite is extremely important as
one of the middle age digest samaypradip while dealing with
Vrata says :
ca sa~Nkalpasya pradhaanatvaat durbalaanaam sa~NkalpamakR^itvaivopavaasaadyaacaraNaM
kleshamaatramiti . samayapradIpa |
Any ignorant or unintelligent person undertaking Vrata without
sankalpa will only undergo so much of physical hardship and no
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